What are the different types of pigmentation?
Pigmentation is not a diagnosis in itself but a description of increased pigment in the skin. There are many types of pigmentation. The commonest ones are freckles, solar lentigenes (“age spots”), melasma and Hori’s naevus. These are often due to sun exposure, genetic and hormonal factors. It may be difficult for the layman to diagnose the specific type of pigmentation. Sometimes, more than one type may be present.
What is the treatment for pigmentation?
The treatment depends on the diagnosis. Pigmentation can be improved with certain combinations of lightening creams. Certain types of pigmentation may be effectively removed with laser or intense pulsed light. Mild pigmentation can also be improved with chemical peels. Different procedures have different downtime and side effects. It is best to have your dermatologist assess your type and depth of pigmentation, and discuss the various types of treatment options.